Polyelectrolyte complexes as reverse osmosis and ion-selective membranes by Alan Sherman Michaels

Cover of: Polyelectrolyte complexes as reverse osmosis and ion-selective membranes | Alan Sherman Michaels

Published by U.S. Dept. of the Interior; for sale by the Superintendent of Documents, Govt. Print. Off. in Washington .

Written in English

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Subjects:

  • Saline water conversion -- Reverse osmosis process.

Edition Notes

Book details

Statementby A. S. Michaels [and others] for Office of Saline Water, Biosciences Division.
SeriesResearch and development progress report,, no. 149
ContributionsUnited States. Office of Saline Water. Biosciences Division., Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
Classifications
LC ClassificationsTD478 .U5 no. 149
The Physical Object
Pagination86 p.
Number of Pages86
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL6008127M
LC Control Number66060739

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Washington, U.S. Dept. of the Interior; for sale by the Supt. of Docs., Govt. Print. Off., (OCoLC) Online version: Michaels, Alan Sherman, Polyelectrolyte complexes as reverse osmosis and ion-selective membranes. Expanded glassy polymers and polyelectrolyte complexes as reverse osmosis and ion-selective membranes.

Washington, D.C.: U.S. Dept. of the Interior, (OCoLC) Online version: Expanded glassy polymers and polyelectrolyte complexes as reverse osmosis and ion-selective membranes. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Dept. of the Interior, Polyelectrolyte complexes as reverse osmosis and ion-selective membranes / By S.

Fleming, R. Hausslein, H. Bixler, Alan Sherman Michaels, Massachusetts Institute of Technology. and United States. Office of Saline Water. Biosciences Division. Abstract "Data herein are as contained in the reports submitted by Massachusetts. Expanded glassy polymers and polyelectrolyte complexes as reverse osmosis and ion-selective membranes / By Allan S.

Hoffman, Allan S. Douglas, Wolf R. Vieth, Raymond F. Baddour, Massachusetts Institute of Technology. and United States. after the first practical reverse osmosis membranes were fabricated from neutral Polyelectrolyte complexes as reverse osmosis and ion-selective membranes book material, cellulose acetate, with a special asymmetric structure.5 Somewhat later, charged membranes of a practical nature were developed.9 Thus it is now recognized that polyelectro-lyte membranes are an important class of reverse osmosis membranes.

Nanofiltration (NF) membranes operate with higher flux and lower energy requirements than reverse osmosis (RO) membranes, and exhibit relatively low rejection and selectivity for monovalent ions. polyelectrolyte lm, an aspect relatively unexplored in the literature.

These results are paramount for industries that need inexpensive ion-selective membranes, such as energy storage via fuel cells or ow batteries, and water puri cation by electrodialysis. Experimental Membrane synthesis. Engineering novel polyelectrolyte complex membranes with improved mechanical properties and separation performance† Xue-San Wang, a Yan-Li Ji, a Pei-Yao Zheng, a Quan-Fu An,* a Qiang Zhao, a Kueir-Rarn Lee, b Jin-Wen Qian a and Cong-Jie Gao cd.

Polyelectrolyte complexes (PECs) constitute a large family of multi-component polymeric materials with rich functionalities. PEC membranes (PECMs) have already been utilized in pervaporation, nanofiltration and fuel cells.

Ahmadiannamini P, Li X, Goyens W, Joseph N, Meesschaert B, Vankelecom IFJ (a) Multilayered polyelectrolyte complex based solvent resistant nanofiltration membranes prepared from weak polyacids. J Membr Sci –– CrossRef Google Scholar. The Supporting Information is available free of charge on the ACS Publications website at DOI: /6b SEM images of the top surfaces of polyelectrolyte membranes made with 2, 4, and 6 PEI–PAA bilayers, respectively (Figure S1); cross-sectional SEM image of the PSf support (Figure S2); changes in sensor frequency from the QCM-D measurement of a two-bilayer film after.

The rejection of divalent cations and their selectivity (Na + /X 2+) for and bilayers polyelectrolyte NF membranes. The NFG pristine membrane was used as the control.

The book thus represents a broad cross section of membrane research and development activities in the United States and abroad within the field of reverse osmosis. The purposes of the book are to bring attention to important new developments in this field, to suggest what the next generation of reverse osmosis equipment may look like, and to.

Osmosis, also called forward osmosis (FO), a natural phenomenon discovered as early asis a diffusion of fluid (usually water) through a semi-permeable membrane from a solution with a low solute concentration to a solution with a higher solute concentration until an equilibrium of fluid concentration on both sides of the membrane is reached.

Composite Polyamide Reverse Osmosis (RO) Membranes – Recent Developments and Future Directions Introduction Reverse Osmosis (RO) membrane technology is one of the mature separation technology tools used in various industries for separation either as unit separation process or as combination with other processes.

The productive RO membrane should. Forward osmosis (FO) has received considerable interest for water- and energy-related applications in recent years. FO does not require an applied pressure and is believed to have a low fouling tendency.

However, a major challenge in FO is the lack of high performance FO membranes. In the current work, novel nanofiltration (NF)-like FO membranes with good magnesium chloride retention were. Nowadays, there is increasing interest in advanced simulation methods for desalination.

The two most common desalination methods are multi-stage flash distillation (MSF) and reverse osmosis (RO). Numerous research works have been published on these separations, however their simulation appears to be difficult due to their complexity, therefore continuous improvement is required.

The RO, in. Dan Li, Yushan Yan, Huanting Wang, Recent advances in polymer and polymer composite membranes for reverse and forward osmosis processes, Progress in Polymer Science, /lymsci, 61, (), (). Membrane testing showed that with only 35 bi-layers of PAHIPAA on a polysulfone ultra filtration membranes, NaC1 rejection of 88% and water permeability of Liri2h-lbar-1 was achieved for feed water with NaC1 concentration of ppm and pressure of psig.

Key Words: Reverse Osmosis Membranes, Spin Assisted Layer-by-Layer, PAAIPAH. Reverse osmosis experimental data for some inorganic salts with the porous cellulose acetate membrane used were analyzed to obtain their diffusivity in the membrane.

A parameter including the diffusivity was found constant for each film in the concentration range investigated for a particular solute at a particular pressure. to NF and reverse osmosis (RO) [51]—to equip it with enhanced anti-organic fouling and antimicrobial properties.

Unlike the previous research, this study performed LbL membrane coating following a fluidic method using a cross-flow filtration setup to force the polyelectrolyte complex into the support. Overview. Nanofiltration is a membrane filtration-based method that uses nanometer sized through-pores that pass through the membrane.

Nanofiltration membranes have pore sizes from nanometers, smaller than that used in microfiltration and ultrafiltration, but just larger than that in reverse nes used are predominantly created from polymer thin films.

Reverse osmosis membranes prepared by interfacial polymerization in n-heptane containing different co-solvents A.S. AL-Hobaib Institute of Atomic Energy Research, King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology (KACST), P.O. BoxRiyadhSaudi Arabia, Tel. + ; Fax: + Correspondence [email protected] DEA1 DEA DEA DEA1 DE A1 DE A1 DE A1 DE A DE A DE A DE A.

membrane is often on the inside of a tube, and the feed solution is pumped through the tube. The most popular module in industry for nanofiltration or reverse osmosis membranes is the spiral wound module. This module has a flat sheet membrane wrapped around a perforated permeate collection tube3.

The feed flows on one side of the membrane. The major portion of this article is devoted to the review and discussion of membrane transport theory with application to the reverse osmosis and ultrafiltralion processes. It is shown that the solvent flux can be represented reasonably well by linear models such.

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Johannes Kamp, Stephan Emonds, Matthias Wessling, Designing tubular composite membranes of polyelectrolyte multilayer on ceramic supports with nanofiltration and reverse osmosis transport properties, Journal of Membrane Science, /, (), ().

Reverse Osmosis (RO) is a membrane-based demineralization technique used to separate dissolved solids from solution. Membranes in general act as perm-selective barriers, which allow some species to selectively permeate through them while selectively retaining other dissolved species.

Reverse Osmosis can be used to either purify water or to. Do really reverse osmosis (RO) membranes need modification to cover their disadvantages or enhance their efficiency.

Are there any defects in RO membranes manufacturing that require modification. These questions are discussed here in this short review. Through the world, there are thousands of patents, publications, and PhD theses dealing with surface modification and grafting of RO membranes.

This outstanding reference is ideal for those who require in-depth and accurate information about reverse osmosis technology and water chemistry. Professionals in this rapidly expanding field will appreciate the features of this outstanding resource. The book features a full description of the RO process, a comprehensive review of membrane technology and system design, and describes the.

Reverse Osmosis Membrane. In a practical implementations of RO filtering, pressure is applied with an RO Process Pump. As permeate water is produced, the concentration of impurities on the feed water side builds up and can cause the membrane to scale up and quit working.

To prevent this, a continuous flow of water running across the membrane. During membrane functionalization, the carboxylate ion groups (—COO −) from PAA likely bind the Ag + within the bilayers for subsequent reduction to AgPNPs [68,69].

The pH of used for the polyelectrolyte complex solutions in this study ensured that free carboxylic acid groups in the PAH/PAA bilayers were available for binding Ag + [56,70]. Polyelectrolyte complexes are a fascinating class of soft materials that can span the full spectrum of mechanical properties from low-viscosity fluids to glassy solids.

This spectrum can be membranes and a preliminary assessment on their utility in water purification applications will be discussed. Polyelectrolytes and their Applications is the second volume in the series 'Charged and Reactive Polymers'.

The important areas of polyelectrolyte applications, i.e., biomedicine, water purification, petroleum recovery and drag reduction, are pre­ sented along with discussions of the fundamental principles of polyelectrolyte chem­ istry and physics. 12 Book 7 Meeting Abstract Defect free hollow fiber reverse osmosis membranes by combining layer-by-layer and interfacial polymerization Ormanci-Acar, T., Polyelectrolyte Complex Membranes via Salinity Change Induced Aqueous Phase Separation Durmaz, E.

N., Baig. Reverse osmosis (RO) is a water purification process that uses a partially permeable membrane to remove ions, unwanted molecules and larger particles from drinking water.

In reverse osmosis, an applied pressure is used to overcome osmotic pressure, a colligative property that is driven by chemical potential differences of the solvent, a thermodynamic parameter.

Furthermore, efficient water filtration reduces the demand for energy, another national issue. The best current solution to clean water lies in reverse osmosis (RO) membranes that remove salts from water with applied pressure, but widely used polymeric membrane technology is energy intensive and produces water depleted in useful electrolytes.

constant. Table 2 shows the operating variables during reverse osmosis. Recycling potential of membrane reject water During reverse osmosis process 50 to 65% of membrane reject Journal of J Membraneu Science & Technology o r n a l o f T e m b r a n e Sci e n c e & e c h n o l.

MEMBRANE MATERIALS FOR WASTE WATER RECLAMATION BY REVERSE OSMOSIS by A. S. Douglas M. Tagaml C. E. Mllstead Gulf General Atomic San Diego, California for Che FEDERAL WATER QUALITY ADMINISTRATION DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Program # EFO Contract # FUQA Project Officer, C.

A. Brunner Advanced Waste Treatment Research .Most commercially available reverse osmosis (RO) and nanofiltration (NF) membranes are based on the thin film composite (TFC) aromatic polyamide membranes. However, they have several disadvantages including low resistance to fouling, low chemical and .12 Book 7 Meeting Abstract Defect free hollow fiber reverse osmosis membranes by combining layer-by-layer and interfacial polymerization Ormanci-Acar, T., Mohammadifakhr, Charge-Based Separation of Proteins Using Polyelectrolyte Complexes as Models for Membraneless Organelles Van Lente, J.

J., Claessens.

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